history of money laundering What is Money Laundering Money Laundering Methods International Initiatives Future Money Laundering techniques UK Legislation Laundering Offences Contact Us

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A Brief History

Taking a look into the origins of
Money Laundering.

What is Money Laundering?

Definitions of the phrase
"money laundering".

How widespread is the Problem?
Estimate of the amount of
cash being laundered

The Money Laundering Process

The 3 stages of Money
Laundering - Placement -
Layering - Integration.

Stages of the Process

How Money Laundering Stages
are achieved.

Money Laundering Methods

Techniques used by money

How Can We Prevent It?

Some measures to prevent this

Affects on Financial Institutions

How laundering affects financial
institutions, legally and

Business Areas Prone To Money Laundering

Which businesses are targetted
by the money launderer?

UK Legislation

Which legislation in the UK covers Money Laundering.

Money Laundering Offences

What the five basic offences of Money Laundering are.

International Initiatives

Some preventative measures in place on an international level.

The Future

Future methods of Laundering cash?


Some conclusions we have made about this area of criminality.


Some recommendations on what can be done to strengthen the fight against this insidious crime.


The increasing integration of the world’s financial system, as technology has improved and barriers to the free movement of capital have been reduced, has meant that money launderers can make use of this system to hide their ill-gotten gains. They are able to quickly move their criminally derived cash proceeds between national jurisdictions, complicating the task of tracing and confiscating these assets. Because of this, it has been recognised by many governments that close international co-operation was needed to counter money laundering, and a number of agreements have been reached internationally in order to counter this menace.

These agreements have been reached on two fronts - financial and legal.


On the financial front, the Committee on Banking Regulation and supervisory Practices issued the Basle Statement of Principles on the prevention of criminal use of the banking system for the purpose of money laundering in December 1988.

The Statement of Principles does not restrict itself to drug-related money laundering but extends to all aspects of laundering through the banking system, i. e. the deposit, transfer and/or concealment of money derived from illicit activities whether robbery, terrorism, fraud or drugs. It seeks to deny the banking system to those involved in money laundering by the application of the following principles:

  1. Know your customer - banks should make reasonable efforts to determine the customer’s true identity, and have effective procedures for verifying the bona fides of new customers (whether on the asset or liability side of the balance sheet)

  3. Compliance with laws - bank management should ensure that business is conducted in conformity with high ethical standards, laws and regulations being adhered to and ensuring that a service is not provided where there is good reason to suppose that transactions are associated with laundering activities.

  5. Co-operation with law enforcement agencies - within any constraints imposed by rules relating to customer confidentiality, banks should co-operate fully with national law enforcement agencies including, where there are reasonable grounds for suspecting money laundering, taking appropriate measures which are consistent with the law.


  6. Adherence to the Statement - The full text of this section of the Statement is worth quoting in full.


"All banks should formally adopt policies consistent with the principles set out in this Statement and should ensure that all members of their staff concerned, wherever located, are informed of the bank’s policy in this regard. Attention should be given to staff training in matters covered by the Statement. To promote adherence to these principles banks should implement specific procedures for customer identification and for retaining internal records of transactions. Arrangements for internal audit may need to be extended in order to establish an effective means of testing for general compliance with the Statement".